• China's Harbin Aircraft’s Y-12F commuter transport has achieved European certification, seven years after securing its U.S. validation.

  • The Y-12F, an advanced version of the four-decade-old Y-12, boasts significant enhancements, including a full-load range of 193nm, Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A engines, and versatile configurations for cargo, VIP, or specialized missions.

Representing a more advanced version of the Y-12—which debuted its flight over 40 years prior—the Y-12F showcases significant upgrades from its precursor. This 19-seater is equipped with Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A engines, featuring five-blade aluminum propellers, offering a maximum range of 193nm (357km) when fully loaded.

The Y-12F, boasting a fuel capacity of 1,252kg in both its left and right tanks, can achieve a peak speed of 209kt and supports a maximum take-off weight of 8.4 tons. Harbin has highlighted enhancements spanning performance, dependability, maintenance ease, and passenger comfort. The plane's design is versatile, allowing configurations for 3t cargo transport, VIP services, or specialized mission purposes.

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) stamped its type certification on the aircraft on 13 July, detailing its unpressurized nature, a length of 16.47m, and a wingspan of 19.89m. The plane is designed with both forward and rear luggage compartments, accommodating 50kg and 250kg respectively.

For context, China's aviation regulators granted certification to the Y-12F in late 2015, with the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) following suit in early 2016. Earlier Y-12 variants received US certifications, but this marks a first from the EASA.